HomeHome ImprovementThe way to Get Began with Vegetable Companion Planting

The way to Get Began with Vegetable Companion Planting

Some vegetation develop higher collectively.

Companion planting is an historic follow the place two completely different vegetation, usually greens, are planted collectively to learn one or each of them. Due to that, this easy gardening method may have you having fun with a harvest you’ve solely ever dreamed of.

Among the best examples of companion planting is the Three Sisters technique, in keeping with the Grasp Gardners of San Diego County. Centuries in the past, early American colonists noticed Native People planting corn, pole beans and squash in the identical plot. Contrarily, Europeans would usually plant these three vegetation in separate beds. Planting the three collectively not solely conserved backyard area but additionally benefited each other:

  • Corn supplied help for the bean vines as they grew.
  • Beans, which have symbiotic micro organism on their roots, are “nitrogen fixers” and added this important macronutrient again into the soil for the good thing about different vegetation, particularly the corn.
  • The squash leaves supplied shade and elevated soil moisture retention whereas discouraging pests with their prickly leaves.

This biodiversity helps every crop develop to its full potential. In case you’re trying to discover your plant a companion, don’t fear — you’re not restricted to those three sisters.

Deciding which vegetation go collectively is not any sweat in any respect. All it takes is a little analysis! Check with this useful companion planting chart for an in-depth take a look at all of the vegetation that it’s best to and shouldn’t plant collectively.

Marigolds and tomatoes make one of the best neighbors when companion planting. (vandervelden/Getty Pictures Signature)

Companion Planting Do’s

Essentially the most grown crops — tomatoes, corn, beans and squash — go nice collectively.

Planting marigolds and tomatoes in shut proximity helps repel predatory bugs that like consuming tomatoes and spreading blight.

Squash and corn go nice collectively as a result of corn gives some mandatory afternoon shade to the rising squash.

Beans and corn additionally make an ideal pair as a result of the corn acts as a pure trellis for the beans — giving them a structured place to develop upward and climb!

Some vegetation don’t make nice neighbors, so discuss with this information when selecting which vegetation to pair. (Dcwcreations/Getty Pictures)

Companion Planting Don’ts

Whereas planting sure vegetation collectively does assist development, some vegetation are bullies in direction of others — appearing similar to the nasty bugs, weeds and soil illness which might be additionally attempting to hurt your vegetation.

For instance, planting garlic and onions close to beans is an enormous no-no. Each soak up vitamins from the soil that can stunt — and inevitably kill — the beans. Be careful for bullies like these!

Japanese beetle on a green leaf.
Some vegetation will draw the eye of pests, like this Japanese beetle, away out of your prized produce. (PaulReevesPhotography/Getty Pictures)

Ideas for Deterring Pests

Pam Zaklan, an Oregon State College Extension Service Grasp Gardener, affords these tricks to those that need to preserve pests out of their companion planting backyard:

  • Use 4 O’clock flowers to draw Japanese beetles out of roses.
  • Plant mustard to discourage cabbage worms and harlequin bugs from cabbages, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts.
  • Garlic deters rabbits in addition to tree borers, aphids, cabbage looper, codling moths, Japanese beetles, snails, carrot root flies, ants and cabbage maggots. What’s extra, it’s particularly helpful when planted close to, roses, cucumbers, peas, lettuce or celery.
  • Plant spearmint and peppermint to draw bees and repel black flea beetles, ants, mosquitoes, white cabbage butterflies, aphids, and cabbage maggots. Don’t plant mint close to parsley. Plant mints in containers as they’ll simply get uncontrolled.
  • For squash bugs, plant mint, chives, garlic, onion, tansy, radishes, nasturtiums, marigolds and bee balm close to and amongst vines of winter and summer time squash.

Watch this Yard Sensible video to study companion planting and take your first steps right into a wider world of gardening.

The extra you fall in love with having a terrific yard, the extra you understand how a lot you don’t know. Exmark’s Yard Sensible solutions the lawn-and-garden questions owners are in search of.

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